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The Journey of Species Survival is Durrell's main tool for planning and tracking how we deliver our mission of saving species from extinction. We monitor each species through 13 management stages and four main phases as our actions drive its population recovery from the brink of extinction back to safer levels.

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Phase I: Assessment & Planning

Phase I: Assessment & Planning

The first phase of the survival journey focuses on gathering the information required to plan our approach to effectively manage the recovery of the species.

Rapid assessment

Rapid assessment

2006

A rapid assessment of the Madagascar pochard is conducted after a small population of fewer than 25 birds was spotted surviving on a small lake to the north of Lake Alaotra. The species was thought to have been extinct since only one lone male duck had been seen in over 30 years.

About the Rapid assessment stage
Field missions are used to assess species conservation status, key threats and initial actions needed to kick start the programme.

Rapid response

Rapid response

2009

Following the rediscovery of the species, surveys revealed less than 25 adults were persisting in the wild, therefore an emergency response to establish a captive population was initiated. A rescue mission by Durrell, WWT and the Government of Madagascar recovers three clutches of Madagascar pochard eggs from wild nests and establishes a safety-net population in captivity for the first time.

About the Rapid response stage
If extinction risk is very high, captive breeding programmes or rapid field interventions might be used to avert an immediate risk of extinction.

Stakeholder engagement

Stakeholder engagement

2009

Before efforts to establish the captive population were initiated, a formal partnership between Durrell, WWT, The Peregrine Fund and the Government of Madagascar is formed. Following the rescue mission the partnership works together to successfully secure funds from the Darwin Initiative, enabling the conservation programme to continue for the next 3 years.

About the Stakeholder engagement stage
Conservation actions are successfully increasing the species’ numbers and the programme structure is now capable of monitoring and adapting to new or re-emerging threats to the species.

Full assessment

Full assessment

2012

Research efforts by Durrell and WWT into factors limiting the recovery of the Madagascar pochard identitify lack of food availability and poor habitat as major threats to the small surviving population. Both issues will need to be tackled to enable recovery of the wild population and ensure the reintroduction of pochards to new lakes will be successful.

About the Full assessment stage
Intensive research into ecological, environmental and socio-ecological factors affecting the species provides a baseline to inform the planning stage.

Planning & partnership

Planning & partnership

2014

Durrell works with other partners of the recovery programme to develop a Species Action Plan for the Madagascar pochard during a participatory workshop. The plan outlines a range of key conservation activities, including working with local communities to restore a wetland site to both benefit people and to provide a new home for the Madagascar pochard.

About the Planning and partnership stage
Conservation targets and detailed action plans are developed to guide the programme's efforts. Partnerships and governance are also outlined to ensure the programme remains on track.

Phase II: Intensive Care

Phase II: Intensive Care

This phase involves the testing and implementation of intensive management actions to tackle the main threats to a species in order to stabilise its population and promote recovery. It often requires the most resources as it lays the foundation for a species’ long-term recovery.

Trialling actions

Future Target

About the Trialling actions stage
Conservation actions are tested on the ground, results are monitored and techniques are adapted to develop effective management actions.

Scaling up actions

Future Target

About the Scaling up actions stage
Once effective management actions are developed they can be rolled out across the intervention zone.

Intensive management

Future Target

About the Intensive management stage
After actions have been scaled up they are then intensively implemented to bring primary threats under control, enabling the start of the species' recovery.

Adaptive management

Future Target

About the Adaptive management stage
Conservation actions are successfully increasing the species’ numbers and the programme structure is now capable of monitoring and adapting to new or re-emerging threats to the species.

Phase III: Long-term Management

Phase III: Long-term Management

Once a species reaches this phase the population recovery is well underway but the sustainability and long-term robustness of the programme needs to be ensured.

Minimum management

Future Target

About the Minimum management stage
Moving towards sustainability, the intensive actions are scaled back to minimum levels of effort required to meet conservation targets.

Capacity-building

Future Target

About the Capacity-building stage
The capacity building activities within the programme enter the final stage and local partner(s) lead the strategic and operational management of programme.

Final evaluation

Future Target

About the Final evaluation stage
A detailed programme evaluation reviews progress towards conservation targets, final responsibilities are passed onto local partners and a new long-term action plan is agreed.

Phase IV: Watching Brief

Phase IV: Watching Brief

This phase signals the exit point for Durrell as a species reaches the end of its survival journey.

Watching brief

Future Target

About the Watching brief stage
Durrell steps back from the programme and provides technical support to local partners on request.

Population numbers

2006


Rapid assessment


Phase I: Assessment & Planning

2009


Rapid response


Phase I: Assessment & Planning

2009


Stakeholder engagement


Phase I: Assessment & Planning

2012


Full assessment


Phase I: Assessment & Planning

2014


Planning & partnership


Phase I: Assessment & Planning

Future Target


Trialling actions


Phase II: Intensive Care

Future Target


Scaling up actions


Phase II: Intensive Care

Future Target


Intensive management


Phase II: Intensive Care

Future Target


Adaptive management


Phase II: Intensive Care

Future Target


Minimum management


Phase III: Long-term Management

Future Target


Capacity-building


Phase III: Long-term Management

Future Target


Final evaluation


Phase III: Long-term Management

Future Target


Watching brief


Phase IV: Watching Brief

Phase I


Assessment
& Planning


Stages 1 - 5

Phase II


Intensive
Care


Stages 6 - 9

Phase III


Long-term Management


Stages 10 - 12

Phase IV


Watching
Brief


Stage 13